flotation processing of pgms

  • The PGM flotation predictor: Predicting PGM ore flotation

    Flotation modelling Process optimisation Flotation kinetics abstract Performance of froth flotation recovery plants for platinum group minerals (PGMs) is usually monitored by means of routine chemical assays of samples taken at various locations in the plant. Whilst these

  • PGM extraction from oxidized ores using flotation and leaching

    Flotation and leaching were investigated as possible processing routes for improving PGM recovery from a Southern African oxidized PGM ore. Different flotation reagent schemes and lixiviants were evaluated and their PGMs extraction response measured.

  • Extraction of Platinum Group Metals IntechOpen

    21.02.2018· About 80% of the worlds’ reserves for platinum group metals (PGMs) are in South Africa’s Bushveld Igneous Complex. Processing of PGM involves comminution, flotation, smelting, converting, base metals refinery and precious metals refinery. Due to increasing chrome content in the feed and the challenges associated with operating high chrome feed, alternative routes to smelting of PGM are

  • OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING Anglo American Platinum

    Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) are recovered through underground and open pit mining from poly-metallic sulphide ores containing PGMs, Nickel, Copper and other metals: • Platinum (Pt), Palladium (Pd), Rhodium (Rh) and Ruthenium (Ru) are the most prevalent of the six PGMs, with Iridium (Ir), and Osmium (Os) found in much smaller quantities

  • The PGM flotation predictor: Predicting PGM ore flotation

    01.10.2012· Mintek’s Mineralogy Division is currently developing PGM flotation prediction software that uses data from automated mineralogy systems to provide valuable information to the plant metallurgist. Each PGM-bearing particle detected by the automated mineralogy system is individually evaluated.

  • Challenges Related to the Processing of Fines in the

    18.05.2021· flotation may be mitigated by improved circuit design (e.g., [5,6]). In the processing of PGMs, these include the widespread use of flow sheets which take into account multiple liberation/beneficiations and are referred to as MF (mill‐float) 2 or MF3 flow sheets. Figure

  • (PDF) Kell hydrometallurgical process for extraction of

    The Kell Process has been developed for the extraction of platinum group metals (PGMs)and base metals from sulphide flotation concentrates. The process has been successfully tested on several...

  • THE FLOTATION OF HIGH TALC-CONTAINING ORE FROM THE

    The project process flowsheets shown in Figures 3.3 and 5.2 were developed for better coordination of the project. The process flowsheets effectively summarise the steps that were taken to achieve the objectives of the project. Pre-flotation of talc prior to flotation of PGMs was tested to compare the two methods and the process flowsheet for this is shown in Figure 5.6. 1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT

  • 1 Froth Flotation Fundamental Principles

    1 Froth Flotation Fundamental Principles Froth flotation is a highly versatile method for physically separating particles based on differences in the ability of air bubbles to selectively adhere to specific mineral surfaces in a mineral/water slurry. The particles with attached air

  • A new technique for extraction of platinum group

    01.08.2006· By flotation, the content of PGMs is concentrated to more than 100 g/t. For flotation concentrates, the traditional treatment method is matte smelting where the PGMs are concentrated in the mattes. The matte is then hydrometallurgically treated to leach and separate Fe, Co, Ni and Cu leaving a slime containing 10–50% of precious metals. Direct hydrometallurgical processing of flotation

  • PGM extraction from oxidized ores using flotation and leaching

    Flotation and leaching were investigated as possible processing routes for improving PGM recovery from a Southern African oxidized PGM ore. Different flotation reagent schemes and lixiviants were evaluated and their PGMs extraction response measured. Characterization of the PGM ore used in this study indicated that it was enriched in oxide minerals as a result of weathering and therefore

  • Hydrometallurgical processing of Platreef flotation

    This process broadly comprises selective leaching of base metals by pressure oxidation, followed by leaching of PGMs after a roasting pretreatment step shown to render PGMs and particularly Pt amenable to leaching. The process embodies separation of the value metals (PGM and base metals) into separate chloride and sulfate solution streams, respectively, and impurity elements (Fe, Al and gangue

  • Challenges Related to the Processing of Fines in the

    18.05.2021· flotation may be mitigated by improved circuit design (e.g., [5,6]). In the processing of PGMs, these include the widespread use of flow sheets which take into account multiple liberation/beneficiations and are referred to as MF (mill‐float) 2 or MF3 flow sheets. Figure

  • (PDF) Kell hydrometallurgical process for extraction of

    The Kell Process has been developed for the extraction of platinum group metals (PGMs)and base metals from sulphide flotation concentrates. The process has been successfully tested on several

  • Hydrometallurgical processing of Platreef flotation

    The Kell Process has been developed for the extraction of platinum group metals (PGMs)and base metals from sulphide flotation concentrates. The process has been successfully tested on several

  • Treatment of Platinum Flotation Products Johnson

    During the ion exchange process, with the rate of solution passing being: 2 volumes of solution to 1 volume of resin per hour, the following residual pgm content in the sorbate was (in mg l −1): platinum . 1; palladium 1–1.5; rhodium 1; ruthenium 3–4; iridium 1–2. The residual contents correspond to a total pgms recovery of 95 to 98%

  • pH Control in Flotation of PGM Platinum Group Metal

    There are processes in gold production that are in both basic and acidic and one must know the details so as not misapply any reagents that may cause an upset of the system or process or procedure. JohnnyD. 6 years ago. JohnnyD 6 years ago. Like. Most flotation operations are alkaline since this minimizes corrosion and thus initial capital costs and ongoing maintenance. While it does depend on

  • THE FLOTATION OF HIGH TALC-CONTAINING ORE FROM THE GREAT

    The project process flowsheets shown in Figures 3.3 and 5.2 were developed for better coordination of the project. The process flowsheets effectively summarise the steps that were taken to achieve the objectives of the project. Pre-flotation of talc prior to flotation of PGMs was tested to compare the two methods and the process flowsheet for this is shown in Figure 5.6. 1.2. PROBLEM STATEMENT

  • Reagent Optimization across a UG2 Plant

    large PGMs processing operations because the correct improvement opportunities to flotation recovery and grade [5,6]. Also, the cost of reagents typically runs into tens of millions of dollars per annum for a large PGMs operation, and therefore reagent optimization presents a good opportunity for cost improvement, especially in these critical financial times [7]. This study was undertaken to

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